Standards, per capita and introduction of different wards of the hospital
Engineer Sadegh Pourbakht, Project Manager of Espo
The imaging department, which may consist of several subdivisions such as radiography, ultrasound, MRI, CT scan of CT SCAN, nuclear medicine, densitometry, radiotherapy, mammography, etc., is zoned in the paraclinical area or Outpatients are placed. It is important to have good outpatient relationships between these departments and other hospital departments. In large hospitals, all imaging departments should be located in a centralized building in the paraclinical area. It is also recommended that the emergency department and clinics be equipped with separate radiology, ultrasound, and CT scans, if possible.
The infrastructure of the imaging department:
The minimum area and height of the control rooms, techniques, and devices related to each of the equipment under the imaging department depends on the type and model of the device and is determined by the manufacturer.
The minimum useful area of the reception and response space in the imaging section without taking into account the bathroom and the entrance space is 8 square meters.
Access to imaging is easy for outpatients and inpatients. Also, the relations of the imaging department with other required hospital services such as emergency, hospital wards, laundry, elevator, etc. should be easily provided.
Special arrangements should be made in the design of the rooms and spaces of the imaging department so that the patients, staff, and companions of the patient care at the lowest rate of unwanted radiation. And the patient service process is the easiest.
The location of the MRI magnet room should be such that it is within its magnetic field
It is usually oval, with no medium-heavy moving heavy metals such as elevators, cars on the surrounding streets, and so on. This affects the quality of the images. Fixed metals, such as building skeletons, are calculated and shielded by the machine manufacturer.
To prevent other people from being exposed to radiation, the place where patients enter and leave before and after injecting radioactive materials into the nuclear medicine department must be separate and independent of each other.
Rooms and spaces from the nuclear medicine department, which deal with injected patients, should be kept in a separate container, usually a burial chamber, for at least 24 hours before entering the main sewer or hospital treatment plant. After the half-life of their radioactive materials, they enter the sewage network.
In the field of nuclear medicine, to prevent other patients from being exposed to radiation, the waiting area of patients before and after injecting radioactive materials must be separate and independent of each other.
It is recommended that the location of the imaging department in the hospital be up to the first floor, due to its special structure and requirements and having different shields.