To perform an architectural project, steps must be taken in order that before starting each of the architectural design steps, the next step must be passed in the best way and method and without any defects. All architectural projects for design are divided into three parts. The main ones are formed. These three parts (phases) must be placed regularly and continuously one after the other and one behind the other in order to implement the desired architectural design as standard. The architecture or the lack of proper connection between them will fail the whole project architectural design set.
The first stage is the zero phase of architecture or architectural studies. In this part, land-related studies such as soil science and geotechnics, which focuses on recognizing existing faults and the strength of the earth and seismicity and the bearing capacity of the earth to create a building. The basic criteria and conditions for design and construction, all urban and civil studies in terms of urban criteria that after conducting studies and research and conducting the zero phase of architecture and its approval, we reach the next phase.
Phase zero of architecture includes architectural studies. In Far Zero Architecture, knowledge about the region and items such as the climate of the region, the architectural conditions of the region, rules and regulations, frameworks and standards, as well as a detailed study of issues related to soil engineering such as soil testing, etc. are considered. It is important, for example, if we do not achieve good results in examining the soil and geotechnical condition of an area, even the possibility of non-implementation of the architectural process is raised, or in many cities around the world, high-ranking restrictions in addition to traditional texture are related to soil testing. And each area can be built to a certain extent depending on the weakness or strength of the ground.
Phase zero of architecture is the stage in which the desired information is obtained and the process of recognizing and identifying the project is studied.
In the zero phases of architecture, the project is examined in terms of technical and economic justification as well as the social justification of the architectural project. Information and knowledge in the zero phases of architecture in many cases are obtained through negotiations with the employer and awareness of the needs of the employer. Careful attention to the needs of the employer plays an important role in the process of forming studies and then preparing a table of contents. has it.
The employer may be an organization (legal entity) or a natural person.
Usually, the best result is achieved when the employer is asked through face-to-face negotiations or formal correspondence to announce the purpose of the project.
Review owner comments:
- What is the need to implement the plan?
- Where is the project?
- What are the restrictions?
- What is the estimated cost for the implementation of the project?
- When is the time to operate the project?
- General features (qualitative and quantitative) of the design from the employer's point of view.
- What examples run by the employer are introduced as examples.
Cataloging is the most important part of studies
Some of the basic topics in preparing phase zero are as follows:
1- Generalities - Introduction
2- Project definition
3- Necessity of the plan
4- Similar internal and external examples
5- Plan needs
7- Physical planning
8- Adjacent relations of spaces
9- Site analysis
10 - Climate
12- Architectural plan
13- Appropriate design structure
15- General estimate of the plan in Rials
16- Schedule of project implementation