Standards, per capita, and introduction of different wards of the hospital
The following spaces are essential in the emergency department:
Clear and visible visual input, patient triage, cardiopulmonary resuscitation room, examination rooms, operating room, spaces under the supervision of men and women, pharmacy, treatment, nursing station, patient stabilization space equipped with essential equipment, support spaces such as doctors' locker rooms and Nurses, Watershed and Dining Room, Clean and Dirty Work Room, Isolated Infectious Diseases Room, Admission and Clearance, Patient Waiting Space, Plastering, Sampling, Separate Sanitary Services for Patients and Staff and Spaces Related to Specialized Emergency Emergencies And hospital missions such as burns, poisoning, trauma, chemical, microbial, radioactive and the like.
The area of the emergency department should not be less than 5% of the total hospital infrastructure. In any case, this area should not be less than 350 square meters.
Patient triage space is located at the main entrance of the emergency room and it is necessary to have one triage bed for every 100 hospital beds. In any case, the area of this space should not be less than 9 square meters.
The number of beds under observation and the stabilization of patients in the emergency department should be at least 7% of the total number of hospital beds.
The net area of each bed under emergency supervision is at least 7 square meters with dimensions of 3 * 4/2, which need to be separated with a special partition or curtain to protect the patient's privacy.
The location of the emergency nursing home should preferably be in the middle of the hall under the supervision and in such a way that it dominates all the beds and isolated rooms. The area of the station depends on the number of beds and the number of nurses. But in any case, it should not be less than 10 square meters.
The location of the emergency department and its entrance should not be in the shadow of the demolition or collapse of adjacent buildings and facilities.
The emergency department should be located in such a way that access to other parts of the hospital, including operating rooms, is easily possible.
The location of the emergency department should be such that it has an independent communication path to the main street, without visible obstruction and direct visual vision from a distance of 150 meters.
The emergency department should have easy access to ambulances, vehicles, and pedestrians.
The entrance to the emergency department must be roofed and protected from wind, rain, and storms.
The entrance area of the emergency department should be such that ambulances and other vehicles can evacuate the patient easily and in the shortest possible time, and leave the area after bypassing.
All emergency room and other hospital wards should have guidelines and signs to guide patients.
All emergency department routes must be safe for wheelchair users or even pedestrians. If there is a difference in level, it is necessary to use ramps and sloping surfaces with a gentle slope.
It is mandatory to use cheerful and soothing colors and sound-absorbing materials in the emergency department and other parts of the hospital.
Materials used in medical spaces should be such as to prevent the accumulation of contaminants.
The lights used in therapeutic spaces should not be such as to cause errors and mistakes in recognizing the true color of people and objects.
It is recommended that the emergency department have a burning room or similar space for primary care to burn patients.
It is recommended that the emergency department be built on the ground floor.